What is Litecoin (LTC) and How Does it Work?

by Oct 30, 2023Blockchain Technology0 comments

Whether you’re just starting out with cryptocurrency or have experience with digital money, there may come a point when you wish to include Litecoin (LTC) in your portfolio. Litecoin is often referred to as “the silver to Bitcoin’s gold,” even though it is an independent cryptocurrency.

Developed by Charlie Lee in October 2011, Litecoin was among the early cryptocurrencies to emerge after Bitcoin. It strives to be a worldwide digital payment solution intended for everyday transactions, offering faster processing times and lower expenses.

What is Litecoin?

Litecoin is a decentralized, peer-to-peer digital currency that was created in 2011 by Charlie Lee, a former Google engineer. It was designed to be a faster and cheaper alternative to Bitcoin, the first and most well-known cryptocurrency. Litecoin shares many similarities with Bitcoin, but there are also several key differences between the two.


One of the biggest differences between Litecoin and Bitcoin is the time it takes to confirm transactions. Bitcoin transactions can take up to ten minutes to confirm, while Litecoin transactions typically take just two and a half minutes. This faster confirmation time means that Litecoin can handle more transactions per second than Bitcoin, making it a more efficient payment method.

Litecoin is also designed to be more accessible to the average person than Bitcoin. While Bitcoin requires specialized hardware to mine, Litecoin can be mined with a regular computer. Additionally, Litecoin has a different mining algorithm than Bitcoin, which means that it’s less susceptible to centralization.


Litecoin was created by Charlie Lee, a former Google engineer, and was released on October 7, 2011. It was designed to address some of the shortcomings of Bitcoin, such as slow transaction processing times, high fees, and reliance on specialized mining hardware.

Litecoin uses a similar codebase to Bitcoin but with a few key differences. One of the most notable differences is that Litecoin has a block time of 2.5 minutes compared to Bitcoin’s 10 minutes. This allows for faster transaction confirmation times and higher transaction throughput.

Litecoin also uses a different hashing algorithm called scrypt, which is designed to be resistant to specialized mining hardware like ASICs. This was done to make mining more accessible to the average person and to prevent mining centralization.

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Since its launch, Litecoin has become one of the most popular cryptocurrencies in the world, with a market capitalization of over $10 billion as of April 2023. It has been adopted by many merchants as a payment method and is also widely traded on cryptocurrency exchanges.

How Does Litecoin Work?


Like Bitcoin, Litecoin is based on a decentralized, peer-to-peer network. This means that there is no central authority controlling the currency, and transactions are processed by a network of users around the world.

Litecoin uses a public ledger called a blockchain to keep track of all transactions. The blockchain is essentially a digital ledger that records every transaction that has ever occurred on the network. This ledger is maintained by a network of users who verify and validate transactions by solving complex mathematical problems.

When a user wants to send Litecoin to another user, they broadcast the transaction to the network. Miners on the network then compete to solve the mathematical problem associated with the transaction. The first miner to solve the problem is rewarded with newly created Litecoin, and the transaction is added to the blockchain. Also read How to Create and Trade NFTs on Litecoin Network.

Once a transaction is added to the blockchain, it is considered final and cannot be altered. This makes Litecoin and other cryptocurrencies very secure, as it would be nearly impossible for a malicious actor to alter the blockchain and steal funds.

Litecoin Hashing Algorithm


Litecoin uses a hashing algorithm called Scrypt. Scrypt is a key derivation function that was specifically designed to be “memory hard,” which means it requires a large amount of memory to perform the hashing operations. This makes it more resistant to ASIC mining, which is when specialized hardware is used to mine cryptocurrency.

The Scrypt algorithm works by taking a block of data and repeatedly performing a series of mathematical operations on it until it produces a fixed-size output, which is known as a hash. The process of producing a hash is called “hashing.” The output hash is unique to the input data and can be used to verify the integrity of the data.

In the case of Litecoin, the Scrypt algorithm is used to mine new coins and validate transactions. Miners use their computer processing power to solve complex mathematical puzzles, which are used to verify transactions and add new blocks to the blockchain. As more miners join the network, the difficulty of the puzzles increases, making it harder and harder to mine new coins.

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Overall, the use of the Scrypt hashing algorithm in Litecoin helps to ensure the security and integrity of the network by making it more difficult for attackers to compromise the system through brute force attacks or other types of hacking attempts.

How Litecoin Halves

Litecoin Halving is a process that occurs approximately every four years (or after every 840,000 blocks) to reduce the rate at which new Litecoins (LTC) are created. This event is designed to control the supply of the cryptocurrency and prevent inflation. Here’s a brief overview of how it works:

  1. Block Rewards: Miners on the Litecoin network are rewarded with LTC for solving complex cryptographic puzzles that validate transactions and add new blocks to the blockchain. Initially, the block reward was set at 50 LTC per block.
  1. Halving Event: As mentioned, the halving event occurs every 840,000 blocks. During this event, the block reward is reduced by 50%. So far, Litecoin has experienced two halving events: First halving in August 2015: The block reward went from 50 LTC to 25 LTC.

Second halving in August 2019: The block reward was reduced from 25 LTC to 12.5 LTC.

  1. Supply Cap: Litecoin has a maximum supply cap of 84 million LTC. As the block reward continues to halve over time, the rate of new LTC entering the market will slow down, eventually approaching zero when the cap is reached.
  1. Impact on Miners: Halving events can affect miners’ profitability, as their rewards are reduced. This may cause some miners to stop mining Litecoin, resulting in a temporary decrease in the network’s hash rate. However, if the price of LTC rises due to increased demand and reduced supply, mining profitability may be restored.

Overall, Litecoin halving is an essential mechanism that helps maintain the scarcity and value of the cryptocurrency over time.

Advantages and Disadvantages of Litecoin

Advantages of LitecoinDisadvantages of Litecoin
Faster transaction timesLess well-known than Bitcoin
Lower transaction feesLimited adoption
More accessible miningCompetition from other cryptocurrencies
Greater potential for growthVolatility



Faster transaction times: As mentioned earlier, Litecoin transactions are processed much faster than Bitcoin transactions. This makes Litecoin a more efficient payment method, particularly for smaller transactions.

Lower transaction fees: Because Litecoin transactions are processed more quickly than Bitcoin transactions, the fees associated with using Litecoin are typically lower.

More accessible mining: While Bitcoin mining requires specialized hardware, Litecoin mining can be done with a regular computer. This makes it more accessible to the average person.

Greater potential for growth: While Bitcoin is already well established, Litecoin has room for growth as more people become interested in cryptocurrencies.

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Less well-known than Bitcoin: While Litecoin has gained a significant following, it’s still not as well-known as Bitcoin.

Limited adoption: While Litecoin is accepted by many merchants and exchanges, it’s still not as widely accepted as Bitcoin.

Competition from other cryptocurrencies: Litecoin is just one of many cryptocurrencies on the market, and it faces competition from other coins like Ethereum, Ripple, and Bitcoin Cash.

Volatility: Like all cryptocurrencies, Litecoin is highly volatile, and its value can fluctuate significantly in a short period.

How to Buy Litecoin

To buy Litecoin (LTC), you can follow these general steps:

Step 1: Set up a Wallet 

Start by setting up a digital wallet that supports Litecoin. Wallets can be hardware devices, software applications, online wallets, or mobile wallets. Ensure that you choose a reputable wallet provider and securely store your wallet credentials.

Step 2: Choose a Cryptocurrency Exchange

Select a reliable cryptocurrency exchange that supports Litecoin. Some popular exchanges that offer Litecoin trading include Coinbase, Binance, Kraken, and Bitfinex. Compare the fees, security measures, user interface, and available payment methods of different exchanges before making a decision.

Step 3: Create an Account

Sign up for an account on the chosen cryptocurrency exchange. This typically involves providing your personal information, verifying your identity, and setting up two-factor authentication for added security.

Step 4: Deposit Funds

Once your account is set up, deposit funds into your exchange account. Many exchanges accept deposits in fiat currencies (such as USD, EUR, etc.) or other cryptocurrencies. Follow the instructions provided by the exchange to deposit funds.

Step 5: Place an Order

After your funds are deposited, navigate to the trading section of the exchange and locate the Litecoin (LTC) trading pair. Choose the order type (market order or limit order) and specify the amount of Litecoin you want to buy. Review the details and place your order.

Step 6: Securely Store Your Litecoin

Once your order is executed, the purchased Litecoin will be credited to your exchange account. It is generally recommended to transfer your Litecoin to your personal wallet for added security. Use the “withdraw” or “send” function on the exchange platform to send your Litecoin to your wallet address.

Remember to conduct thorough research, follow recommended security practices, and be cautious when providing personal information or making financial transactions online.

Litecoin vs. Bitcoin: What Are the Differences?

Comparison FactorLitecoin (LTC)Bitcoin (BTC)
Creation and FounderCreated by Charlie Lee in 2011Created by Satoshi Nakamoto in 2009
Blockchain TechnologyUses Scrypt hashing algorithmUses SHA-256 hashing algorithm
Block Time~2.5 minutes~10 minutes
Maximum Coin Supply84 million21 million
Transaction ConfirmationFaster confirmation timesSlower confirmation times
Transaction FeesGenerally lower feesCan be higher fees
Popularity and AdoptionLess well-known, but growingMore widely known and adopted
Mining AlgorithmASIC-resistant mining algorithmASIC (Application-Specific Integrated Circuit) mining algorithm
PurposePrimarily used for everyday transactionsPrimarily used as a store of value and digital gold-like asset


Overall, Litecoin is an exciting and innovative technology that has the potential to change the way we think about money and finance. As more people become interested in cryptocurrencies, it’s likely that Litecoin and other coins will continue to grow and evolve.

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